This stage in Montessori pedagogy is known as Children's House.
According to María Montessori, children from 0 to 6 years old have an amazing absorbent mind, capable of unconsciously acquiring everything that the environment offers them, so that with practice and time, this unconscious knowledge becomes aware and feel the foundations of everything that comes after. For this reason, it is so important that the child develops in a prepared environment, where his rhythm is respected, where his needs are responded, where he is surrounded by stimuli and where his interests are responded to, without interfering in his path towards their own discovery and subsequent learning.
It is the function of the guide or teacher, to be well attentive to each child, to be able to detect in which sensitive period each one is and provide them with what is necessary for them to be able to try. to err, to manipulate play, explore, discover, repeat ... until your brain is satisfied. You have acquired the specific knowledge, which at that time demanded, and can open the next door to go through.
The role of the guideis important , it must detect the needs and interests of each child, give them rich and stimulating resources , and accompany them in this process, but without interfering, or disturbing their path to their own discovery and subsequent learning.
The objective of this area is to learn how to care for themselves, others and the environment. We also work "courtesy" routines to be able to live in society. The activities of this area, pursue the following objectives:
- Coordination and control of movement by students.
- Explore and develop knowledge of the environment in which we live.
- Acquire self-discipline.
- Develop the ability to concentrate
- Achieve a task from start to finish.
- Improve self-confidence.
At this stage the main characteristic of the child is his/her absorbing mind, capable of learning anything that his environment offers, without the need of conscious efforts.
The child learns mainly through senses, rather than through intellect.
Therefore, from the school they are offered sensory materials to exercise the refinement of their senses, which will allow them to find order and meaning in the world, necessary to be able to structure their mind in a solid and healthy way.
This environment also encourage their ability to perceive, in addition to favoring observation, a sense of admiration and the need to question everything that surrounds them.
They understand, and therefore learn, mathematical concepts intuitively with specific materials prepared for them.
That way, they will achieve abstract and numerical concepts, in addition to laying the groundwork for algebra and geometry.
In this area, children enrich their language, learn to use it more accurately and begin to understand its properties.
Children will lay the foundations of prewriting, with the subsequent learning of writing and reading in a natural way, since they will do so through their senses (hearing, seeing and touching).
In addition to working these areas daily, children will hold a specific workshop with the following topics: Robotics, Art, Music, Science and Neuromotricity..
Another daily routine will be to have a healthy breakfast and go out to the park, on days when the weather allows it, to enjoy the sun, the air and play with our classmates and teachers. To carry out these objectives, the classroom has different areas.